Pregnancy & COVID-19 Vaccines

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Pregnancy & COVID-19 Vaccines

As you care for the health of you and your baby, you will make many important decisions. Getting a COVID-19 vaccine is the best way to protect both of you against the virus. 

The CDC and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommend you get vaccinated if you:

  • Are pregnant  
  • May become pregnant in the future, or are
  • Currently breastfeeding

The American Society for Reproductive Medicine says getting vaccinated before becoming pregnant or early in your pregnancy is the best way to reduce risk of complications from COVID-19 for you and your baby.

Vaccines Recommended for Pregnant People

When you are pregnant, your body changes in many ways. Your risk of getting severe COVID increases due to these changes, including:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased oxygen consumption, and
  • Decreased lung capacity

Reduce Risk of Complications from COVID-19

The COVID-19 vaccine protects you from serious illness and keeps you healthy, so you can keep your baby healthy.  Pregnant people who get COVID during their pregnancy are at higher risk for:

  • Preterm birth
  • Maternal mortality, and
  • Preeclampsia

Vaccines While Breastfeeding

The CDC recommends the COVID vaccine for people who are breastfeeding. Reports have shown that breastfeeding people who have been vaccinated have antibodies in their breastmilk, which could help protect their babies.

Safe for Pregnancy

The vaccine is safe for those who are pregnant, want to become pregnant, or breastfeeding. The vaccine does not contain any live virus, so it cannot give you or your baby COVID-19.  The vaccine teaches your body to recognize COVID-19 and create an immune response.

There is no evidence that any vaccine causes fertility problems in women or men – including the COVID-19 vaccines.

  • A report from the v-safe safety monitoring system showed thousands of people had a positive pregnancy test after receiving a first dose of Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccine.
  • Two studies following pregnant people who received Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccines just before or during early pregnancy have not found an increased risk for miscarriage.
  • Another study of people undergoing in-vitro fertilization showed those who were vaccinated experienced no negative impacts to pregnancy success.  

Keeping Your Baby Safe

In addition to getting vaccinated, you can create a COVID-safe “cocoon” by encouraging those that come into contact with your baby to also get vaccinated.

Have a Question?

If you have questions about COVID-19 vaccines or boosters, talk to your doctor or healthcare provider. You can also check out the CDC’s Frequently Asked Questions about COVID-19 Vaccinations or call the PA Health Hotline at 1-877-724-3258.

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