News for Immediate Release
March 4, 2014
Pennsylvania Historical and Museum
Commission Approves 21 New State Historical Markers
Harrisburg – The World War II Stuart Tank,
Father of the American Navy John Barry, world-renowned Philadelphia Orchestra Conductor
Leopold Stokowski and Fred McFeely Rogers, creator and host of long-running PBS
program “Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood,” are among the subjects
of the 21 new state historical markers approved by the Pennsylvania Historical and
Museum Commission (PHMC).
markers, selected from 57 applications, will be added to the nearly 2,300
familiar blue-with-gold-lettering signs along
roads and streets throughout Pennsylvania.
1946 PHMC’s historical markers have chronicled the people, places and events
that have affected the lives of Pennsylvanians over the centuries. The signs
feature subjects such as Native Americans and settlers, government and
politics, athletes, entertainers, artists, struggles for freedom and equality,
factories and businesses and a multitude of noteworthy topics.
for historical markers may be submitted by any individual or organization and
are evaluated by a panel of independent experts from throughout the state and
approved by the agency’s commissioners.
information on the Historical Marker Program, including application
information, is available online at www.PAHistoricalMarkers.com.
Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission is the official history agency of
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Media Contact: Howard Pollman, 717-705-8639
Note: The following is a list of the newly approved state
historical markers with the name of the marker, location and a brief
Bryden Horse Shoe Works, Catasauqua,
In the late
18th and early 19th centuries, this factory supplied a vital product of this
era and was one of the largest of its kind in the world. The company used a patented technique that
improved durability. Supplying horse
shoes to the British government during the Boer War and afterward, it enjoyed a
reputation for quality and received orders from throughout the world.
Byberry Hall, Philadelphia
American abolitionist Robert Purvis built Philadelphia’s Byberry Hall for use
as a meeting place and arena for discussion of anti-slavery topics. Many black and white abolitionist leaders of
the time spoke here and urged support of the Underground Railroad, protest of
fugitive slave laws and related activism.
Commercial Radium Production,
commercial production of radium in the U.S. was accomplished at James and
Joseph Flannery's Standard Chemical Company in 1913. In the following decade, it produced more
than one half of the world’s supply of radium.
In 1921 it produced one gram of radium to be presented to Marie Curie,
discoverer of radium, during her visit to this pioneering laboratory.
Eddie Gottlieb, Philadelphia
One of the
founders of the National Basketball Association (NBA), Eddie Gottlieb was
influential in the sport since its earliest years. He managed the dominant S.P.H.A.S. basketball
team and led them to numerous championships and helped run the international
tour of the Harlem Globetrotters. A
member of the NBA Rules Committee for 25 years, Gottlieb introduced new rules
to improve the game, and spent his lifetime advancing the sport.
Elfreth’s Alley, Philadelphia
preserved vernacular neighborhood in the heart of Philadelphia — one of the
nation's oldest and a National Historic Landmark. There have been extensive studies of the
houses, their owners and the neighborhood’s transformation over its nearly 300
years of existence, shedding light on a very diverse working-class community.
Enos Benner, Marlborough Township,
printer and publisher, Benner's “Der Bauern Freund” (“The Farmer's Friend”) was
a widely read by German-speaking Americans in the early to mid-19th
century. Published weekly from
1828-1858, and preserved in its entirety, it provides valuable contemporary
accounts of the Jacksonian era.
Frank Cooper Craighead, South
Middleton Township, Cumberland County
accomplished naturalist, Craighead did numerous studies of insects and their
impact on forests while Chief Forest Entomologist for the U.S. Department of
Agriculture. In 1950 he wrote “Insect
Enemies of the Eastern Forest,” which remains the definitive book on the
subject. Following his retirement to
Pennsylvania, he assisted the state forestry department in dealing with insect
Fred McFeely Rogers, Latrobe,
host of the nationally acclaimed and long-running children's public television
program, “Mr. Rogers Neighborhood.”
Produced in Pittsburgh from 1968 through 2001, the program emphasized
the community spirit Rogers experienced growing up in Latrobe. Rogers made significant contributions to
early education and children's media.
George W. Crawford, Emlenton,
A native of
Emlenton, Pa., and pioneer in natural gas production, transmission and
distribution. Crawford established the
Columbia Gas & Electric Corp. in 1926, a model and successful multi-state
gas utility, and in the 1930s the largest in the world.
Humphrey Marshall, West Bradford
Township, Chester County
the Father of American Dendrology, Marshall wrote the first and definitive book
on American trees and shrubs in 1785.
The book was widely cited in Europe.
He also cultivated many American species and exported them to European
gardens, including that of Louis XVI of France and King George of England.
John Barry, Philadelphia
John Paul Jones, John Barry is considered the Father of the American Navy. Due to numerous naval victories, Barry was
appointed Commodore by Gen. George Washington during the American
Revolution. As such he won the final
battle at sea against the British in 1783.
When the U.S. Navy was created in 1794, Barry was chosen to lead the new
John J. McDermott, Philadelphia
At age 19, McDermott
became the first American and youngest competitor to win golf’s U.S. Open in
1911 and again in 1912. Traditionally a
British game, McDermott's wins helped to popularize golf in the U.S. In the years following, the PGA was
established, two additional golf majors emerged in the U.S. and American
golfers dominated the U.S. Open and achieved prominence in the world of golf.
Leopold Stokowski, Philadelphia
renowned orchestra conductor, Stokowski directed the Philadelphia Orchestra
from 1912 to 1940. During his tenure, he
developed a unique sound that came to be known as the "Philadelphia
Sound." He adopted a seating plan
used by most orchestras today. He is
probably most famous for his collaboration and appearance in the Disney film “Fantasia.”
Muhammed’s Temple of Islam #12,
of worship was the first Nation of Islam temple in Pa. In its formative years, Malcolm X and Wallace
Muhammad had active roles in its development.
It played a pivotal role in conveying to Black Pennsylvanians a healthy
sense of racial pride and self-worth that gave rise to the Black Nationalist
Ross Leffler School of Conservation,
Brockway, Jefferson County
It is the
site of the Pennsylvania Game Commission's original training center for Game
Protectors and Wildlife Conservation Officers.
Claimed to be the first in the nation, this facility was established in
1931, and became a model for other states.
Sheppton Mine Disaster and Rescue,
Sheppton, Schuylkill County
efforts as a result of a mine cave-in utilized, for the first time, a borehole
technique that has become ubiquitous worldwide for similar mine disasters. The same technique was used at Quecreek and
Chile in recent decades. The event
prompted revisions to state mining regulations and to the federal Coal Mine
St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Croation
in 1901, the church building served the first Croatian Catholic parish in the
nation. St. Nicholas was impressive
architecturally, in a modified Romanesque style featuring eastern European
styled onion domes. It was demolished in
2013 following a vigorous but unsuccessful preservation campaign.
Stuart Tank, Berwick, Columbia
Tank is a WWII tank built by the American Car and Foundry in Berwick. It was a light tank first supplied to the
British army and was the fastest tank of its day. The "shoot and scoot" tank tactic
was pioneered on the Stuart Tank. From
1940 to 1944, more than 15,000 Stuart Tanks were produced in Berwick.
Thomas A. Edison High School
Honorable 64, Philadelphia
64 represents the 64 graduates of Philadelphia's Edison High School who fought
and died in the Vietnam War. No other
school in the nation lost so many. This
poor community’s loss gives perspective to the tragedy of the draft system: these
young men had no options for waivers, served their country and paid the
Wesley A.M.E. Zion Church,
the first A.M.E. Zion denomination in Pa.
In 1820 congregants split from the Bethel Church and soon after
affiliated with New York City’s Zion Church and several other black parishes to
form the new A.M.E. Zion Church. The
church was very active in the 19th century in abolitionist causes
and race improvement events, and hosted nationally renowned African American